CTET Syllabus for Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Maths & Science Group

Child Development and Pedagogy  (30 Questions)

(a)  Child Development (Primary School Child 15 Questions)

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

 

(b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs (5 Questions)

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative,  Specially abled Learners

 

(c) Learning and Pedagogy (10 Questions)

  • How children think and learn;  how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning;   children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children; understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning- personal & environmental

 

(2) Language I.  (30 Questions)

 

(a) Language Comprehension (15 Questions)

  • Reading unseen passages- two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

(b) Pedagogy of Language Development   (15 Questions)

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language  for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

 

(3) Language- II (30 Questions)

 

(a) Comprehension (15 Questions)

  • Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with questions on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability.

(b) Pedagogy of Language Development  (15 Questions)

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language  for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching-learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

 
(4) Mathematics and Science:  (60 Questions)

 

(A) Mathematics  (30 Questions)

(a) Content (20 Questions)

Number System

  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Whole Numbers
  • Negative Numbers and Integers
  • Fractions

Algebra

  • Introduction to Algebra
  • Ratio and Proportion

Geometry

  • Basic geometrical ideas (2-D)
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D)
  • Symmetry: (reflection)
  • Constructions (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)

Mensuration

Data handling

 

(b) Pedagogical issues (10 Questions)

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation
  • Remedial Teaching
  • Problems of Teaching

 

(B)   Science (30 Questions)

(a) Content (20 Questions)

Food

  • Sources of food
  • Components of food
  • Cleaning food

Materials

  • Materials of daily use

The World of the Living

Moving Things People and Ideas

How things work

  • Electric current and circuits
  • Magnets

Natural Phenomena

Natural Resources

 

(b) Pedagogical issues  (10 Questions)

  • Nature & Structure of Sciences
  • Natural Science/Aims & objectives
  • Understanding & Appreciating Science
  • Approaches/Integrated Approach
  • Observation/Experiment/Discovery(Method of Science)
  • Innovation
  • Text Material/Aids
  • Evaluation- cognitive/psychomotor/affective
  • Problems
  • Remedial Teaching
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